EUCLID (Pôle Universitaire Euclide | Euclid University) is, like the European Central Bank, NATO or the African Union, an international intergovernmental organization (IGO).
It was established by treaty, under international law, in 2008. Its special status is indicated by the authorized use of the restricted ".int" domain.
EUCLID also holds a university charter as well as a specific mandate in the field of higher education and sustainable development. It belongs to the exclusive group of intergovernmental universities (see below) having that rare status under international law, the most famous of which being the United Nations University, the University for Peace, and the European University Institute.
EUCLID's constitutive text with its charter, approved by its Participating States, was duly registered and published in the United Nations Treaty Series (OMOU /UFA ) in December 2010 according to the provisions of Article 102 of the United Nations Charter.
As of 2015, EUCLID serves 12 Participating States (just over 6% of the UN membership) spanning 4 continents (Africa, Americas, Asia, Australia-Pacific).
Its primary service is to the government staff of its Participating States, but EUCLID also accepts a limited number of students from the general public as well as officials working for non-Participating States such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kenya, etc.
EUCLID has its global headquarters in Banjul, Gambia, and is a full member in good standing of the Association of African Universities, and of United Nations Academic Impact, among others.