Zhanjiang Economic and Technological Development Zone (ZETDZ) is located in the center of Zhanjiang City in the southernmost part of the Chinese mainland and in the southwest of Guangdong Province. Situated in the intersection of Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan provinces, ZETDZ faces the South China Sea to the east, the Beibu Bay (Gulf of Tonkin) to the west, and looks across the sea at the Hainan Island. Zhanjiang acts as a main gateway to the high seas for Southwest China and the foreign trade port enjoying the shortest voyage from the Chinese mainland to South Asia, Africa, Europe, Oceania and the Middle East. It is only 3 to 4 kilometers away from the Zhanjiang Harbor, railway station and the airport.
Endowed with a typical tropical and subtropical marine climate, Zhanjiang is neither extremely cold in winter nor extremely hot in summer. The average yearly temperature is 23 centigrade, with an average annual rainfall of 1,500 milimeters.
Zhanjiang Port is one of the 10 hub ports in China, operating five loading areas with 24 berths each having a 10,000-ton or above capacity, including a 50,000-ton class dock for oil tankers. With an annual handling capacity of 20 million tons, the Port has commercial routes to more than 100 countries and regions.
There are more than 20 air routes to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Hong Kong, with over 100 flights per month.
The Litang-Zhanjiang and Sanshui-Maoming Railways connect Zhanjiang with the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, a trunk line of the country. And the Guangzhou-Haikou Railway is scheduled to start operation soon. Sections of the Guangzhou-Zhanjiang Expressway have opened to traffic.
Facing the seas on three sides with a long coastline of 1,556 kilometers, Zhanjiang is rich in tropical and subtropical resources and marine resources. There are proven deposits of 25 varieties of minerals. The annual yields of sea pearls rank the first throughout the country. Zhanjiang also has the biggest eucalyptus and sisal plantations in China. It is a major producer of cane sugar, peanuts, rubber, subtropical fruits like mango and pineapple, various fishes, and marine products like shrimps, crabs, abalones and oysters. Meanwhile Zhanjiang has plenty of tourist resources such as seashores, sand beaches, scenic spots and tourist resorts etc.
Zhanjiang City has a population of 6.3 million, and in town there are 5 universities and colleges, 43 secondary technical schools, and more than 300 research institutions. Residents holding college and above degrees account for about 10 per cent of the urban population.
An industrial structure with special paper making, electric appliances, telecom equipment, bioengineering, building machines and petrochemicals as the core has basically been shaped.
The zone gives priority to high-tech industries and encouraged areas and projects include the information industry, new building materials, new generation of household electric appliances, electronic information and multimedia, electronic components, electromechanical integration products, technology-intensive electromechanical products, communication equipment and devices, laser technology, marine biological technologies, new types of pharmaceuticals, modern office articles and equipment, low-polluting refined chemicals, chemical and biological reagents.