Vattenfall is a Swedish power company, wholly owned by the Swedish government. Beyond Sweden, the company generates power in Denmark, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, and the United Kingdom.
The company's name is Swedish for "waterfall", and is an abbreviation of its original name, Royal Waterfall Board (Kungliga Vattenfallstyrelsen).
In 2006, Vattenfall began production of the pilot Carbon Capture and Storage(CCS) plant at Schwarze Pumpe, Germany. In 2007, the Lillgrund Wind Farm off the southern coast of Sweden was commissioned and began delivering electricity.
Vattenfall has power generation branches in Sweden, Germany, Poland,Netherlands, United Kingdom, Denmark, Finland; in Germany, Vattenfall is theelectric utility for the states of Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern,Brandenburg, Berlin, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, and Saxony.
Vattenfall also operates biomass, coal-fired, and other power plants in Germany, the Netherlands, and Denmark.
In January 2016 Vattenfall announced that its Swedish nuclear power plants, including the newer reactors, were operating at a loss due to low electricity prices and Sweden's nuclear output tax. It warned that if it was forced to shut the plants down, there would be serious consequences to Sweden's electricity supply, and argued that the nuclear output tax should be scrapped.